Animations   Movies   Words  Appendix  Summary  Art  Art 
Chapter 31 Quizzes: Self Activities Chapter Cum.
Unit 5: The Evolutionary History of Diversity Fungi Review
  1. Fungi are : they cannot make their own food, but feed by secreting and the digested organic compounds.
  2. Most fungi are , but they can also be and symbionts, and even . Some fungi have modified hyphae called that penetrate the tissues of their host, and can even be adapted for preying on .
  3. are unicellular, but most fungi are multicellular and have bodies consisting of , and have cell walls made of the polysaccharide .
  4. Fungi produce through or life cycles.
  5. There are five major fungal phyla.
  6. Fungi form symbiotic relationships with many organisms.
    • Mycorrhizae are vital in natural ecosystems and agriculture.
    • Many species of ants and termites raise fungi in fungus “farms”.
    • Lichens are a association of photosynthetic or held in a mass of fungal , usually from an .

 Animations   Movies   Words  Appendix  Summary  Art  Art 
Chapter 50 Quizzes: Self Activities Chapter Cum.
Unit 8: Ecology An Introduction to Ecology and the Biosphere Review
  1. Ecology is the study of the interactions between and the environment, including both (nonliving) and (living) components.
  2. Biotic factors such as , , and other interactions among species can affect the distribution of organisms.
  3. factors that affect the distribution of organisms include sunlight, , water, wind, and soil.
  4. is a major influence on the distribution of organisms. The angle of the sun changes due to the of the Earth, leading to climate changes every year.
  5. Large bodies of water have a effect on the climate of nearby terrestrial environments. Lakes experience seasonal in temperate regions.
  6. Mountains can block winds and cast a rain on the side. The biotic and abiotic factors determine the nature of broad associations, called .
  7. biomes are divided into and biomes based on , and stratified into by light penetration, temperature, and depth. Review: Aquatic Biomes
  8. biomes are largely determined by the and the types of vegetation adapted to the and of an area. Review: Terrestrial Biomes
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